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Cancer: Let’s fight together

Cancer is a fatal disease caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells in some body parts. But with accurate diagnosis and proper treatment, your health & quality of life can be restored. Dr. Arkoprovo Halder, an Medical Oncologist, is an expert in this field with around ten years of experience. He treats various diseases like leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, Neuro-Oncology, Head-Neck Cancers, Breast Cancer, and many more using the required therapies and treatments.

He has diagnosed, treated & cured many patients through his well-oriented knowledge and appropriate treatment. Why let cancer bother you when you can take the leading expert's help who specializes in this sector!

Call For Appointment : +91 8001179000

Key Specialities of Dr. Arkoprovo Halder

Dr. Arkoprovo Halder is an experienced medical oncologist specializing in chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, and other therapies to offer you the finest cancer treatment.

Chemotherapy and Systemic Therapies

Chemotherapy and Systemic Therapies

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Blood Cancer Treatment

Blood Cancer Treatment

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Management of Oncological Emergencies

Management of Oncological Emergencies

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Palliative Care

Palliative Care

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is cancer ?

    Cancer is a complex group of diseases characterized by the abnormal growth and division of cells in the body. Normally, cells grow and divide in an orderly manner to replace old or damaged cells and to support the body's various functions. However, in the case of cancer, this process becomes disrupted.

    Cancer begins when genetic mutations occur within the DNA of a cell, which can be caused by a variety of factors such as exposure to certain chemicals or radiation, genetic predisposition, or errors during cell division. These mutations can lead to the loss of normal cell growth control mechanisms, resulting in uncontrolled cell division and the formation of a mass of abnormal cells called a tumor.

    Cancer can affect any part of the body and is named based on the organ or tissue in which it originates. For e.g, if it starts in the breast, it is called breast cancer, and if it starts in the lung, it is called lung cancer.

  • What is tumour ?

    Certain mutations can lead to the loss of normal cell growth control mechanisms, resulting in uncontrolled cell division and the formation of a mass of abnormal cells called a "tumor".

    Tumors can be classified into two main types: benign and malignant. Benign tumors are generally non-cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body. They tend to grow slowly and are usually localized to a specific area. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, are cancerous and have the ability to invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. This process is known as metastasis.

  • What are the risk factors for developing cancer ?

    There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing cancer. It's important to note that having one or more risk factors does not guarantee that an individual will develop cancer, as many people with these risk factors never develop the disease. Likewise, some people without known risk factors can still develop cancer. Here are some common risk factors associated with cancer:

    1. Age: The risk of cancer generally increases with age. As cells accumulate genetic mutations over time, the likelihood of abnormal cell growth and cancer development increases.

    2. Tobacco Use: Smoking and tobacco use are strongly linked to various types of cancer, including lung, throat, mouth, esophageal, bladder, kidney, and pancreatic cancers. Second-hand smoke exposure can also increase the risk. Nearly 1/3rd of all cancers are directly related to tobacco use.

    3. Family History and Genetics: Around 10% of cancers are familial. They run in families due to inherited gene mutations. For example, certain mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancers. However, it's important to note that most cancers are not solely determined by genetics and are influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

    4. Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain chemicals and substances in the environment can increase the risk of developing cancer. This includes exposure to asbestos, certain industrial chemicals, radiation, air pollution, and harmful UV radiation from the sun or tanning beds.

    5. Unhealthy Lifestyle Choices: Poor lifestyle habits such as an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption, and obesity have been linked to an increased risk of various cancers.

    6. Viral and Bacterial Infections: Certain viral and bacterial infections are associated with an increased risk of developing certain types of cancer. Examples include human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer, hepatitis B and C viruses and liver cancer, and Helicobacter pylori bacteria and stomach cancer.

    7. Hormonal Factors: Hormonal imbalances or long-term hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can increase the risk of certain cancers. For instance, estrogen exposure without the counterbalance of progesterone can increase the risk of breast cancer in women.

    8. Previous Cancer History: Individuals who have had cancer in the past have a higher risk of developing another cancer.

    It's important to remember that reducing exposure to risk factors, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and undergoing regular screenings can help in the prevention and early detection of cancer.

  • What are the common signs & symptoms of cancer ?

    Cancer can cause a wide range of signs and symptoms, and these can vary depending on the type of cancer, its location, and its stage. Some common signs and symptoms of cancer include:

    1. Unexplained weight loss: If you lose weight without trying, it could be a sign of cancer.

    2. Fatigue: If you feel unusually tired or exhausted, even after getting enough rest, it could be a symptom of cancer.

    3. Pain: Pain that is persistent and doesn't go away, even with medication, can be a symptom of cancer.

    4. Changes in the skin: Changes in the color, size, or shape of a mole or freckle, or the development of new spots on the skin can be a sign of skin cancer.

    5. Changes in bowel or bladder habits: Blood in the stool or urine, diarrhea, constipation, or a change in bowel or bladder habits can be a sign of colorectal or bladder cancer.

    6. Abnormal vaginal bleeding: These could be signs of Uterine or Cervical cancer.

    7. Persistant, non-healing oral ulcer: Could be sign of oral cavity (mouth) cancer.

    8. Difficulty swallowing or persistent indigestion: These can be symptoms of esophageal or stomach cancer.

    9. Persistent cough or hoarseness: These can be symptoms of lung cancer.

    10. Swelling or lumps: A lump or swelling in neck, groin, armpits or breasts that doesn't go away can be a sign of cancer.

    11. Unexplained fever: A persistent fever that doesn't have an obvious cause can be a symptom of certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma or leukemia.

    It's important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other medical conditions, so it's important to speak with a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms. Additionally, some types of cancer, such as early-stage cancers, may not cause any symptoms at all, which is why regular cancer screenings are important for early detection.

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