Urinary Bladder Cancer - What to Know?

Urinary Bladder Cancer - What to Know?


Anatomy & Physiology: 

The urinary bladder is an organ located in the lower part of the abdomen & is a hollow, muscular organ that serves as a reservoir for urine produced by the kidneys. The bladder's main function is to store urine until it is voluntarily released from the body during urination.


Bladder cancer starts in the urinary bladder. It is more common in men than women and occurs mostly in people over 55 years old.

Risk factors:

Smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, age, and a family history of bladder cancer. 


Blood in the urine, painful urination, frequent urination, and lower back pain.


Involves several tests, including a urine test, imaging studies such as CT scan or MRI, and cystoscopy, which involves inserting a small camera into the bladder to examine it.


Bladder cancer is staged according to the size and extent of the tumor and whether it has spread to nearby lymph nodes or other organs. 


Options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. The treatment for the cancer depends on its stage and the patient's overall health.


Varies depending on the stage at which it is diagnosed, but overall it has a good prognosis if caught early. The five-year survival rate for localized bladder cancer is around 77%, while the five-year survival rate for metastatic bladder cancer is around 5%. Regular follow-up with a doctor after treatment is important to monitor for any signs of recurrence.

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